Members of the Indian Defense League of America encountered delays in their annual cross-border parade, in celebration of the Jay Treaty right of native peoples to freely pass the U.S./Canada border.
“The U.S. and Canadian countries put a border through the middle of our territory, and today is the day we exercise the right to remind them that we have (the freedom) to pass through our territory,” said Jill Claus of the Tuscarora Nation.
Read the full article at: http://www.niagarafallsreview.ca/2015/07/18/annual-native-parade-encounters-delay-at-border
Although the delays were reportedly due to heightened security for the Pan American Games, it may have also had something to do with the fact that Canada never ratified the Jay Treaty. As it currently stands, U.S.-born
Indians are not extended a reciprocal right of entry to Canada under the Jay
Treaty. While Canadian courts have recognized and protected an
aboriginal right to freely pass the
border, the right is based on a complex,10-factor test for determining whether aboriginal rights exist in a particular case; it is difficult to assert and not a practical means for native peoples in the U.S. to access Canada.
Native communities have existed in North America long before there was a border to cross, and native communities continue exist on both sides of the border. Without some form of Jay Treaty reciprocity by Canada, native communities will continue to be hindered in their attempts to maintain cultural, social, business, and family ties with their cross-border counterparts.
Friday, August 7, 2015
Wednesday, July 22, 2015
Obama Hopes History Will Prove Him Right on Iran
In a thought-provoking article by George E. Condon Jr., White House correspondent for National Journal, the author points out that all the way back to our Founding Fathers, when Presidents have made controversial agreements with foreign governments in the face of harsh public criticism, those agreements have typically ended up on the right side of history; with hindsight vindicating their decisions and proving the critics wrong:
“The reality is that almost every president who has reached a major agreement with a U.S. foe has been viciously attacked, with treaty foes warning of dire consequences. But even as he is being battered over the Iran deal, Obama can take some solace from the fact all of those presidents were rewarded by sticking with the deal and ignoring popular disdain and stinging criticisms.
Read the full article at:
Posted by Author at 3:54 PM
Wednesday, July 8, 2015
Who Puts the "Jay" in Jay Treaty?
Chief negotiator and namesake of the Jay Treaty, John Jay, is a founding father most Americans know very little about; at least when compared to his peers such as Washington and Jefferson. However, his influence was vast and lasting; reaching all branches of government, and nations worldwide:
"Jay was one of three contributors to the Federalist Papers, which helped define American government. He was president of the wartime Continental Congress, then served as secretary of foreign affairs, precursor to secretary of state, after the Revolutionary War ended. He was an essential diplomat whose peace negotiations with England, leading to the Treaty of Paris, vastly expanded U.S. territory.
For his accomplishments heading a network of informants during the revolution, actions that helped inspire James Fenimore Cooper's novel "The Spy," the CIA's website calls Jay "the first national-level American counterintelligence chief." He also helped write the New York Constitution, was a founder of the New York Manumission Society and as governor signed legislation that phased out slavery in the state (Jay himself owned slaves).
The founders bickered colorfully among themselves, but they agreed on the virtues of Jay. Noting his centrality in the talks with England, John Adams praised him as "of more importance than any of the rest of us." Alexander Hamilton turned to Jay first when conceiving the Federalist Papers, and George Washington thought so much of him that when he was forming his original Cabinet, he offered the first position — any position — to Jay, who chose the Supreme Court."
Posted by Author at 8:58 AM
Wednesday, June 24, 2015
Happy Birthday, Jay Treaty!
220 years ago on this day, June 24, 1795, the U.S. Senate consented to the Jay Treaty. The resolution passed by 20-10, the exact two-thirds vote required under the Constitution.
A copy of the resolution announcing the Senate's approval of the Jay Treaty:
Resolved, (two-thirds of the Senate concurring therein,) That they do consent to, and advise the President of the United States, to ratify the treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, between his Britannic Majesty and the United States of America, concluded at London, the 19th day of November, 1794, on condition that there be added to the said treaty an article, whereby it shall be agreed to suspend the operation of so much of the 12th article, as respects the trade which his said Majesty thereby consents may be carried on, between the United States and his islands in the West Indies, in the manner, and on the terms and conditions therein specified.
And the Senate recommend to the President to proceed, without delay, to further friendly negotiations with his Majesty, on the subject of the said trade, and of the terms and conditions in question.
Photo Source: George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799: Series 2 Letterbooks (Senate, June 24, 1795, Jay's Treaty, Letterbook 27, Image 52-53 of 227)
Please see also: Library of Congress, Primary Documents in American History: Jay's Treaty, http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/jay.html.
Posted by Author at 4:45 PM
Tuesday, May 26, 2015
Manitoba Firetruck Company Explores Jay Treaty Options to Provide After-Sales Service on Trucks Sold to U.S. Clients
Fort Garry Fire Trucks of Manitoba is exploring using its strong First Nations staff and the unique Jay Treaty opportunities enjoyed by North American First Nations people to freely access and work in the U.S. as part of the company's business-development activities. See article at:
Do you know of others who are utilizing the Jay Treaty to access the U.S. for business purposes? If so, we would like to highlight your story.
Posted by Author at 1:52 PM